Mantash-Kala (Kara-Kala) fortress
Mantash-Kala is one of the fortresses of the Bagratuni era, located 7 km south of the city of Ijevan, on the top of a wooded mountain on the right bank of the Aghstev river, surrounded by wide, pyramidal fortress walls. The fortress has two entrances, the doors of which were made of whole large stones. Passable parts of the mountain are secured by strong fortress walls, which have pyramidal towers, round, small holes in the walls. The fortress walls are made of black stone with strong lime mortar. The fortress is two-storied, in the form of a terrace, the first floor is quite spacious, from the north there is another rock on which the second step of the fortress is located - the citadel, it is fortified by fortress walls, on the east side it has a separate entrance. The citadel occupies a small space. The main entrance is from the southwestern corner of the plateau, from the eastern side of the mountain wall. Foundations of structures are seen in both parts of the fortress. In historical sources, Mantash-Kala is always mentioned together with the Kayan fortress, based on which it can be assumed that it was built in the first quarter of the X century.
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